British convicts transported to Australia, annually by sex, 1787-1867. Roster of transportation voyages, including ship name, ship characteristics, departure and arrival dates, departure place, destination, embarked convicts, and landed convicts. With data on transported convicts ages and length of transportation sentences.
British convicts actually transported to Australia had transportation sentences averaging 15.8 and 10.1 years for males and females, respectively.
In a sex-sensitive comparative perspective, the criminal justice system of convict-settled Australia executed and imprisoned about as much as the U.S.
Large swings in the twentieth-century prisoner sex ratio dominate any effects of the sex ratio of persons absent from being executed.
The male-female prisoner ratio rose from 5 in the 19th century to 42 in mid-1970s. Scholars then naturalized highly disproportionate male imprisonment.
Prisoners and executions yearly by sex in Australia from 1858, aggregated to punishment per 100,000 of population (punishment prevalence), with sex ratio of punishment and punishment distribution (% absent from execution and % from being in prison).
Penal executions in Australia, by year, sex, and state/territory, 1819-1967. Compares statistics from Source Book of Australian criminal & social statistics to those compiled from the Schrepper-Clark list.
Average daily number of prisoners in Australia yearly by from 1858, with subtotals for states and territories. Prisoner sex ratios, adjusted for population sex ratios, and prisoners per 100,000 of overall population.
Yearly population of Australia by sex from 1796 to 2010, additional data for Australian states and territories over about two centuries.