Pennsylvania law included among authorized visitors to prisons members of the Philadelphia Society for alleviating the Miseries of Public Prisons.
Unlike communication with family and friends, prisoners’ communication with social elites potentially generates knowledge and authoritative conflict.
The Philadelphia Society favored institutionalized communication with prisoners and disfavored prisoners’ communication with family and friends.
The Philadelphia Society for alleviating the Miseries of Public Prisons, founded in 1787, continues to the present as the Pennsylvania Prison Society.
The Philadelphia Society for Alleviating Miseries of Public Prisons eagerly sought attention from the famous prison reformer John Howard.
Philadelphia, Boston, and New York in mid-19th century had active, well-supported civic groups concerned with prisons, prisoners, and prison discipline.
Negley Teeters, a leading criminologist, favored lay prison visitors over family, friends, and professional humanitarians.
Visits per year and per prisoner by members of the Philadelphia Society for Alleviating the Miseries of Public Prisons, 1846-1903, with some per visitor data. Visits to prisoners by moral instructor employed by Eastern State Penitentiary.