John Howard’s name has endured in the names of civic organizations, including influential organizations concerned with criminal justice policy.
The Philadelphia Society for alleviating the Miseries of Public Prisons, founded in 1787, continues to the present as the Pennsylvania Prison Society.
Negley Teeters, a leading criminologist, favored lay prison visitors over family, friends, and professional humanitarians.
Before 1800, state prisons called Newgate existed in Connecticut and New York states. Their names reflect the fame of Newgate prison in London.
With the New York State Constitution of 1846, New York State shifted from appointed local prison inspectors to elected, state-wide prison inspectors.
Battles between the Prison Association of New York and New York prison inspectors have left a textual mark in the current New York Constitution.
The Prison Association of New York changed its name to the Correctional Association of New York in 1961. Its mission and activities changed little.
Mathew Brady’s prisoner daguerreotypes were the basis for engravings printed in Sampson’s Rationale of Crime (1846).
Sing Sing State Prison, also known as the New York State Prison at Ossining and the Mount Pleasant State Prison, began operations in 1826.