Arizona became a state of the United States in 1912. Its first governor was George W. P. Hunt. Prison reform was one of Hunt’s notable initiatives. Hunt pursued such reform not as an elite humanitarian, but as a man of the people:
Many of George W. P. Hunt’s political opponents sneered at him because of his limited education, his beginnings as a menial laborer, and unpolished speech. But the people loved him.^
East Coast intellectual and social elites, not minor politicians and bureaucrats in Arizona, led intellectual life in America through the early twentieth-century. Nonetheless, penal reforms that Hunt and Arizona State Prison Parole Clerk J. J. Sanders championed probably helped to change prisoner-mail policies in New York State and other states.